The Kirwan Institute is excited to publish the fourth edition of its annual State of the Science: Implicit Bias Review to deepen public awareness of implicit biases and the challenges they pose to a society that strives to treat all of its members equally. Research from the neuro-, social and cognitive sciences show that hidden biases are distressingly pervasive, that they operate largely under the scope of human consciousness, and that they influence the ways in which we see and treat others, even when we are determined to be fair and objective.

This important body of research has enormous potential for helping to reduce unwanted disparities in every realm of human life.

The nation’s response to the Kirwan Institute’s State of the Science reports has been overwhelming. Educators, law enforcement organizations, human resource experts, health care professionals, and many more, have come to rely on this publication every year to help keep them abreast of the latest findings from brain science about implicit bias and to guide them in thinking about the real world implications of that research.

Kirwan’s Implicit Bias team, lead brilliantly by Cheryl Staats, the author of the first State of the Science, is now engaged throughout the year, leading workshops and presentations in states and communities across the country as the desire for help understanding this important body of research continues to grow.

It is our great pleasure, therefore, to provide to the field the 2016 issue of State of the Science: Implicit Bias Review. We hope that it will continue to assist you and your organizations work for a more equitable and inclusive society.