Issue Brief Reveals that Unconscious Bias Permeates Through School Discipline

Alarming disparities in the application of school discipline policies exist nationwide between African American, Latino and White students. A “2009-2010 survey of 72,000 schools (K-12) shows that while Black students make up only 18 percent of those enrolled in the schools sampled, they accounted for 35 percent of those suspended once, 46 percent of those … Continue reading »

Issue Brief Reveals that Unconscious Bias Permeates Through School Discipline

Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline: Implicit Bias is Heavily Implicated

Download the Kirwan Institute Issue Brief:Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline: Implicit Bias is Heavily Implicated (PDF) Research shows that African American students, and especially African American boys, are disciplined more often and receive more out-of-school suspensions and expulsions than White students. Perhaps more alarming is the 2010 finding that over 70% of the students involved … Continue reading »

Racial Disproportionality in School Discipline: Implicit Bias is Heavily Implicated

Structural Racialization: A Systems Approach to Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Racial Inequity

Download Brochure Racial inequity can persist without racist intent The word “racism” is commonly understood to refer to instances in which one individual intentionally or unintentionally targets others for negative treatment because of their skin color or other group-based physical characteristics. Research conducted by the Kirwan Institute strongly suggests that this individual-centered view of racism … Continue reading »