By Philip J. Mazzocco, Kirwan Institute Faculty Fellow
Associate Professor of Psychology, Ohio State University Mansfield
Although past and present racial gaps have been well-documented by social scientists and social justice advocates, relatively little is known about the degree of correspondence between the reality of racial gaps and naïve perceptions thereof. The correspondence between perceptions and reality is important because gap assessments have been empirically linked to socially harmful racial ideologies, racial group attitudes, and racial policy attitudes.
Empirical confirmation of divergence between gap perceptions and reality would provide justification and direction to racial justice advocacy campaigns. Commonly used measures of racial gap perceptions, however, are limited in their ability to provide detailed and psychologically meaning characterizations of racial gap beliefs. In the present work, two novel measurement strategies designed to address this important limitation are presented.