Health Disparities Matter

Health disparities are defined as the differences in health outcomes and their determinants between different segments of the population which are defined by social, demographic, environmental, and geo- graphic attributes. Health inequalities, a term that is sometimes used interchangeably with health disparities, refers to a summary measure of population health associated with individual or group … Continue reading »

Health Disparities Matter

Health Equity Program 2014

Development of the Kirwan Institute’s Health Equity Program The Kirwan Institute is entering its second decade of working to create a just and inclusive society where all people and communities have the opportunity to succeed. Our work has produced critical lessons in bridging research, advocacy and policy change, including connecting with local leadership, building capacity, … Continue reading »

Health Equity Program 2014

Standardized Testing and Stereotype Threat

“Stereotype threat” is a very complex and nuanced concept. In simple terms, it is an unconscious response to a prevailing negative stereotype about an identifiable group by a member of that group.  For example: the statistical fact that African American students generally score lower than White students on standardized college entrance examinations like the SAT, ACT … Continue reading »

Structural Racialization: A Systems Approach to Understanding the Causes and Consequences of Racial Inequity

Download Brochure Racial inequity can persist without racist intent The word “racism” is commonly understood to refer to instances in which one individual intentionally or unintentionally targets others for negative treatment because of their skin color or other group-based physical characteristics. Research conducted by the Kirwan Institute strongly suggests that this individual-centered view of racism … Continue reading »

Understanding Implicit Bias

Download State of the Science: Implicit Bias Review 2013 Defining Implicit Bias Also known as implicit social cognition, implicit bias refers to the attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious manner.  These biases, which encompass both favorable and unfavorable assessments, are activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or … Continue reading »